Byju’s Loses One Of Its Units To Lenders After $1.2 Billion Loan Default

In a recent legal development, Byju’s, once hailed as one of India’s hottest tech startups in the education technology sector, is facing a significant challenge as lenders, including Redwood Investments LLC and Silver Point Capital LP, have seized control of a unit of the company due to a reported default on a $1.2 billion loan. This move comes as the company grapples with the aftermath of the pandemic-induced surge in online learning, which has waned, leading to financial distress.

Byju's Loses One Of Its Units To Lenders After $1.2 Billion Loan Default

Credits: NDTV

Lenders Assert Control Through Legal Means:

The Delaware Chancery Court ruled in favor of the lenders, asserting that they were well within their contractual rights to replace a key figure on the board of Byju’s Alpha, a special-purpose entity created for financing purposes. The court specifically cited a default on the substantial loan as the trigger for the lenders’ right to take control.

Legal Ruling and Disputed Leadership:

Delaware Chancery Court Judge Morgan Zurn dismissed Byju’s complaint against Timothy Pohl, the individual appointed by the lenders to oversee Byju’s Alpha. Byju’s had argued that Pohl was not properly authorized to take control. However, Judge Zurn contended that Pohl’s appointment was a result of the defaults, effectively making him the sole director of Byju’s Alpha.

Lenders’ Push for Repayment:

The lenders have been aggressively pursuing the repayment of the $1.2 billion loan amid Byju’s financial struggles. The company had been attempting to sell assets and address the loan issue when government investigators executed searches at Byju’s offices earlier this year. The ongoing dispute has also led some investors to write down their stakes in Byju’s, marking a challenging period for one of the world’s largest ed-tech companies.

Byju’s Alpha: A Holding Company to Protect Lenders’ Rights:

Byju’s Alpha, the special-purpose company at the center of the legal battle, was established as a holding company to safeguard the lenders’ rights, according to a statement by a lawyer representing the lenders. The lenders clarified that their intention was not to take over the entire ed-tech company but to protect their interests through the holding company.

Loan Terms and Default Triggers:

The terms of the $1.2 billion loan allowed lenders to assume control of the pledged shares in Byju’s Alpha if a default occurred. When a unit of the company failed to secure the Indian government’s backing as a loan guarantor, the lenders promptly filed a notice of default in March. This triggered the legal process that ultimately led to the lenders’ takeover.

Impact on Byju’s and Ed-Tech Industry:

Byju’s, based in Bengaluru, India, has not yet responded to the latest developments. However, the company had previously dismissed the lenders’ default arguments as baseless. The legal battle and the lenders’ control of a significant unit could have broader implications for Byju’s operations, including potential disruptions to its strategic plans and financial stability.

Investor Concerns and Asset Sales:

The lenders’ aggressive stance for loan repayment and the subsequent legal actions have raised concerns among investors, leading some to write down their stakes in Byju’s. Additionally, the company’s efforts to sell assets may be further complicated by the ongoing legal dispute, impacting Byju’s ability to navigate its financial challenges effectively.

Excessive Fees Allegation:

One point of contention in the legal battle was Byju’s complaint about the fees being charged by Timothy Pohl, the individual appointed by the lenders. Byju’s argued that Pohl’s fees were excessive, with at least $375,000 received for his role as the head of Byju’s Alpha. However, Judge Zurn rejected this argument, stating that Pohl’s $75,000-per-month pay was authorized under a “status-quo” order entered to protect Byju’s Alpha during the legal proceedings.


The resolution of this conflict will surely influence Byju’s going forward as the company faces both financial difficulties and legal issues. The lenders’ acquisition of Byju’s Alpha is a reflection of the tremendous pressure the massive ed-tech company is under to fulfill its financial commitments on time. As Byju’s navigates these challenging waters, stakeholders, investors, and the larger ed-tech industry will be closely watching. The outcome of this legal case is expected to have a long-lasting effect on the company’s trajectory.